A Famous Tourist Place of Mithila:- Darbhanga

The history of Darbhanga dates back to the Ramayana and Mahabharataperiods, it is among the greatest cities of Bihar. According to the Vedic sources, the Videhas of Aryan stock first migrated to the area from the banks of Saraswati in Punjab. They were guided to the east of Sadanira (Gandak River) by Agni, the God of Fire. Settlements were established and, thus, flourished the kingdom of Videhas-the Selfless. In course of time Videhas came to be ruled by a line of kings called Janaks. In this line of kings there was a very famous king named Mithi. To commemorate his greatness the territory was named as MITHILA. Another famous king was Janak Sirdhwaja, father of Sita. The legends speak of various learned men patronized by Janak Sirdhwaja, who himself was an erudite scholar. Among them prominent were Yagyavalkya, who codified the Hindu law in his Yagyavalkya Smriti and Gautam, who had various valuable philosophical treatises to his credit. King Janak was himself a great philosopher and his ideas have been eternally enshrined in the Upanishads, esp in the Brihad-āraṇyaka Upaniṣada.
Traditions also speak of Kapil Muni's relationship with this area that propounded the Sankhya philosophy. Association of this area with Pandavas is also evident by the popular belief that they stayed here during their period of exile.
The learned men like Vidyāpati, Kumāril Bhatt, Mandan Mishra, Nāgārjun, etc belonged to this region.
Darbhanga is a town with a population of nearly 3 lakhs. Darbhanga was named after Dar(Dwar)+Bhangaa which means gates+broken ; it is guessed that gates of the Qila (at Qilaghat probably) were broken (by cannons or elephants perhaps) in 1326 AD when Tughlak forces attacked the last independent North Indian Hindu king Harisinghdeva (of KarnaataChalukya dynasty from Karnataka) who ruled over North Bihar and most of Nepal. Historians guess that the capital of Harisinghdeva was situated near foothills of Himalayas, Haraahi pond in Darbhanga is named after Harisinghdeva and the pond Gangaasarar is named after his ancestor Gangadeva who was son of Naanyadeva, the founder of this dynasty; Naanyadeva was a chieftain of Chalukya king Vikramaditya-VI of Karnatak who had successfully invaded North India in the end of 11th century. Hindus began to flock to this town since the beginning of 19th century when the Maharaja of Darbhanga shifted his residence to this town and was granted the title Maharaja by East India Company, and gradually Hindus surpassed Muslims in population, but muslims still constitute over 36% of population of this town. It was the biggest town of North Bihar for centuries, but after Muzaffarpur was connected to broad gauge railway in mid-1970s, the latter overtook Darbhanga due to shift of trade, commerce, business and transport to some extent.
Once part of the Brahman kingdom of Mithila, Darbhanga passed to the Tughlaks in the 14th century. The British assumed control in 1765.
Darbhanga was an ancient city of Mithila, which is an ancient cultural region of North India lying between the lower ranges of the Himalayas and the Ganges River. The Nepal border cuts across the top fringe of this region. The Gandak and Kosi Rivers are rough western and eastern boundaries of Mithila. In the year 1326 Mithila was invaded by Afghans, who deposed the Kshatriya ruler and placed a Maithil Brahman in control of land revenues over much of this region. This family soon began calling themselves kings, distributing land to other members of their caste, so that gradually land passed into the control of Maithil Brahmans. It is a noteworthy seat of the Maharaja of Darbhanga. During Akbar's reign in the sixteenth century, a second Maithil Brahman family came to rule as the Khandavala Dynasty. By British times, their estate, Darbhanga Raj, was the largest and richest of the great zamindari estates. Their capital was in Bhaur village in Madhubani, later shifted to the town of Darbhanga. They controlled most of Mithila until after Independence when the Republic of India abolished zamindari (Maharaja of Darbhanga was actually a zanindar entitled to add the title Maharaja in his name, besides the British title KCIE).

Sati Asthan:- Sati Asthan is situated in the famous graveyard of Subhankarpur, which is about one km west of Darbhanga Maharaji bridge. Maharaj Rameshwar Singh who was also a great Tantrik used to visit here daily in mid night for his Tantra Sidhi. Late Pandit Harinandan Mishra father of Late Lalit Narayan Mishra, Ex, Railway Minister, Government of India, also held in this premises. Now a days people use to visit this place on every Monday and Friday.

Manokamna Temple:-
Manokamana Temple is situated in the University Campus just beside Nargauna Palace. This temple has constructed with the Marvel. In fact it is a Hanuman temple where a little but most beautiful statue of Hanuman is build of marvel. A lot of crowd came to visit this place every day.

Malechchhed Mardani Temple:-  Malechchhed Mardini temple is one km south west of Darbhanga Railway station. It is temple of the Godden who destroy the faints. This temple is of utmost importance for Shakti people.

Kankali Temple:-  Kankali temple is two km north west of Darbhanga Railway station in the premises of Qila of Darbhanga Mahraj. This temple is of utmost importance for Shakti people.

Bhikha Salami Majar:-  It is situated at one km southeast from Darbhanga Railway station on the bank of Gangasagar pond. A fair is to be organized between 12th and 16th day during the Ramzan.
Kaitholic Church:-  It was old type of Baungla Church established in 1891 where training is to given to Christen Pandit.. It is just situated one km north form the Darbhanga Railway Station. This building was demolished in the earthquake of 1897 and later on it was constructed. The pray was started in this building from 25 December 1991. The name of this church is Holy rosary Church. A lot of crowds were assembled on every Friday. Here Christmas festival is organized between Dec 25-31 and Anand Mela is organized on October 7 on each and every year. In the front of Church a most attractive symbol of Isamashi is also situated.
The Mazar of Makhdoom Baba:- t is situated at two km northwest from Darbhanga Railway Station and just between the both universities. It is the very popular secularism place. Here daily people from Islam religion as well as Hindu religion assemble for offering their prayers.

C.M Museum:- This museum was established on 7 December 1957 on the north bank of Mansarowar Lake. Late Chandradhari Singh of Ranti Dyordhi (Madhubani) donated all the artifact and other rare objects. It was shifted in double story building in 1974. There is no entry fee for visiting the Museum. It remains open for public on everyday except Monday. On the basis of arrangement and materials of the Museum it can be devided into eleven type of Halls.
Aims of the Museum: 
To collect, to preserve and to display the artifacts of historical, archaeological and cultural importance of the region in the public interest as well as to educate the students through the exhibited materials.
On the basis of arrangement and materials of the Museum, it is divided into eleven gallery. Short description of same very important gallery are below:-
Glass Gallery In this gallery beautiful objects of Baljium cutting glass are displayed.
Textile Gallery Traditional dress of Mithila as well as dress of Royal family have been shown in this Gallery.
Miniature Painting Gallery:  
In this gallery rare miniature paintings of different styple and school are displayed. Among these the paintings of Krishna leela with Gopies, based on Geet Govind of Jaidev are peerless. Besides this the miniature paintings of Mughal Kings and their queens in Mughal style are also of much importance.
Modern Paintings: 
Water colour paintings of modern style based on Ramayan and Mahabharta theme such as "Raja Janak Darbar" and "Mahabharta War" can be seen here.
Stone Sculpture Gallery
Sculptures in black Basalt stone of Hindu and Buddha religion have been shown in this gallery. Most of the sculpture belongs to the 8th & 9th century A.D.
Wood Gallery:
Various types of wood objects having floweral design and inlay work are displayed in this gallery.
Mother of Pearls Gallery
In this gallery several types of beautiful exhibit made art of mother of pearls can be seen. A replica of Taj Mahal, made of mother of perals on a single piece of tuch stone is an unique one.
Natural History Gallery
Royal Bengal Tiger, Leopard, Bear and different types of horns of deer have been displayed in this gallery.
Ivory Gallery:
Various types of beautiful icons and objects of ivory are displayed in this gallery.
Brass Gallery:
Statues in brass, brought from Rajnagar of Madhubani District have been shown in this gallery. These statues are of Nepalese and Tibetan style.
Special Gallery:
Eak mukhi Rudraksha Garlands of semi preceious stones, Mico paintings, Ancient and Modern Coins Flowers pots of Zade stone, Ivory etc are beautifully arranged and displayed.
Strong Room: 
In this room ring of preceious stones, Gold coins, Pancha Janya Sankh, Dakshina Vartaya sonkh, Shree chakra etc are will preserved.
This museum has its own small library, having different types of historical and cultural books along with same manuscripts.

                                            मिथिलाक पहिल राजा नान्यदेव अपन राजदरबार में 
                             मिथिलाक राजा कामेश्वर ठाकुर, फिरोजशाह तुगलक सँ राज सता लैत
                   राजा शिव सिंहक दरबार म मिथिलाक अनमोल रत्न "गोनू झा" इ सिंघेश्वर स्थान कें भंड़ोरा गामक वासी छलैथ 
मंडन मिश्रक धर्मपत्नी भारती, जगत गुरु शंकराचार्य स शास्त्रार्थ करैत!मिथिलाक महान विदुवान व दार्शनिक मंडन मिश्रक प्रतिभाक सुन जगत गुरु शंकराचार्य, दक्षिण भारत स शास्त्रार्थ करबाक हेतु, महिषी गाम आयल छलैथ, जगत गुरु शंकराचार्य कें मंडन मिश्रक पत्नी भारती, हुनका शास्त्रार्थ म पराजित क अपन प्रतिभा क परिचय देने छलैथ! सहरसा कें महिषी गाम जा क, आंठ्वी शताब्दी क इ महान महिला दार्शनिक कर्मस्थलक दर्शन क सके छि !

                       झिडिया मिथिलाक प्रसिद्ध नृत्य अछि, अहि नृत्यक पहचान राष्ट्रीय स्तर पर अछि  

Maharaja Laxmiswar Singh Museum:- Maharaja Laxmiswar Singh Museum was established on 16th September 1977. It is situated just west south of Darbhanga Railway Station. This Museum can be visited every day except Monday. Its opening and closing time is 10.00 AM and r.30 PM respectively. There is no entry fee.
Brief History:
Royal family of Darbhanga is well known for its love and affection with art and culture. Prince Subheshwar Singh gifted the invaluable and immemorial items and Durlabh Kalakritiya in order to establish this museum. The then District Magistrate of Darbhanga Shree Ramashankar Tiwari had also played an important role in the establishment of this museum. This unique museum is situated on the eastern bank of Mansarover Lake.
Salient features:
There is rare collection of a number of objects and weapons made of Gold, Silver, Tusker teeth all collection has been scientifically organized and placed into eight different chambers.
Hall Number 1: This hall is known as Raj Singhasan Kash. Royal throne of Maharaj Rameshwar singh jee has been placd in this Hall. This throne is symbol of Power, wealth and dignity of the royal family. It is made of gold, silver and precious stones. Besides royal throne, silver made Palang(BED), Nalki and a number of other such items has also been placed in this hall which are pleasant memory of yester years of royal family. Royal throne and Silver Bed are unique examples of Sculptural excellence.
On the basis of design and decoration the Royal throne can be divided into five parts.
It is made of wood, which is square in shape. The beauty of this part is pasting of flowers leaves and its finder brines made of ivory. The shape and size of this flower and leaves are so accurate that it looks like natural.
Just above it there is a six-inch plate of silver all round the throne elephants of small size are shown on it. Although it is small in size but very natural in its look.
Just above silver plate there are elephants an each corner of the throne at the distance of two feets. There are hole in the back of these elephants. Most probably silver rod would have been used to decorate the throne as per desire.
All round he throne there are square gold and silver plates a which various types of animals has been shown in their different natural possess. Group of elephants playing in water, roaring lions, Panther climbing on the tree. Fighting bull and running deer are some of them.
Precious stones were presented at every angles of the throne. The monogram of royal family FISH is in the middle of the throne.
Hall Number 2: Hall of Metallic artifacts: A number of attractive artifacts have shown in this hall and among these unique globe made of copper and circular shield are can be of attraction. In these two artifacts important events of Ramayana, Mahabharata and Krishna-Leela has been reflected.
Hall Number 3: Hall of stone idols and artifacts:
Statue made of marble and other stone made artifacts have been shown in his hall. A circular table made of a single piece of marble is treat to watch. A number of women have been inscribed one it in Greek - style. The clothes hair and physique of there women reflects the clear impact of greekan style. Just like greekan style the clothes are transparent and its fold are such that it seems it has been blown up by air. The curly hair looks very natural.
Hall Number 4 & 5: Ivory Hall. There is a unique collection of the artifacts made of ivory. Mat, Net, flowers, leaves and a lot of other things, made of ivory, are just superb in its presentation. A spulse made of ivory is so lively that visitors get mazes after seeing it. Beside this Ivory mad lions and sofa-set also attract the visitors very much.
Hall Number 6: Hall of weapons. Weapons of the various kings have been shown in this hall.
Hall Number 7 & 8: Hall of wooden artifacts. These two halls painting wooden artifacts have been shown in so natural that it works like metal.

                                        Maharaja Lakshmeshwar Singh Status in Kolkata

                                               Darbhanga Engineering College

                                              First shopping Mall in Darbhanga(Mithila)

                                     Last King of Mithila  Mahraj Kameshwar Sings

                                                                   Power Grid, Drabhanga

                                                          Last Queen of Mithila

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मिथिला आ मैथिली कें विकाशक मात्र उदेश्य सँ "अपन मिथिला धाम " वेब पोर्टल चलाओल जा रहल अछि, कुनो तरहक सुझाव आ शिकायत हेतु संपर्क कैल जाऊ -

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  1. Replies
    1. mai shravan apko khub khub abhar praket karta hoo ki apne hamare darbhanga ko iss prakar se dikhaya hi ki mai bahut khuss hua ,mai jo 20 sal se apne sahar ka iss prakar se dekha nahi tha aj hamne dekha,

      hamara eak jankari ki mutavik agar app software me Hindi language bhi rakhe to apko jayada se jayda comments milege ,

      bahut bahut dhanyabad